Primary School in Allenfeld

Primary School in Allenfeld



Urban Approach

The restricting site proportions caused us to design the most compact building possible. This keeps an adequate distance from the neighboring buildings and creates sizable outdoor spaces. Increasing the setback of the indoor pool, located to the north, allows for a spacious schoolyard in the upper part of the new building. In turn, the lower outdoor area of the swimming pool building is attached to a new school garden. A staircase in the space between the new building and the swimming pool will make the area functional in break times.

Room Concept / Educational Structuring

The auditorium, located in the lower level, is reached by entering the ground level main entrance and passing through the spacious foyer, which functions as a gallery for the auditorium and may be used in the case of large school events.
Sightlines to the upper levels are achieved through use of openings in the floor. Grade levels are organized in clusters, with two classes on each level. Through the arrangement of the classrooms in the corners of the building are exposed to natural light from two directions.
Each floor includes additional terraces that may be used as additional outdoor classrooms.
The auditorium is located on the lower level and extends to the ground floor. All additional rooms are also located on the ground floor as well. Thus, during larger school events, these rooms may be merged together to increase space.
There is a handicapped accessible entrance to the swimming pool available through the northern part of the lower level.


The construction is conventional solid construction of STB / masonry. This is expected to be an economical method of production since it features a compact design with minimal spanning.
This solid construction has certain advantages for fire protection and the interior climate is well regulated thanks to the insulation it affords.
The facade is fashioned from heavy bricks. This material references the existing buildings that are also composed of brick, in keeping with the local tradition of industrial construction approaches.
Between the facade and the bearing wall are external sun and glare protections which prevent the overheating of the building in the summer months.

Energy Efficiency

Through a combination of a small outer envelope and a high insulation thickness, our building meets the requirements for EnEV easily and even surpasses them. Therefore, hooking the new building up to the existing local heat supply is a very likely possibility.
We would suggest that the building be outfitted with a mechanized ventilation system with thermal recovery in addition to the planned window ventilation in the classrooms. This would ensure minimial heating costs and guarantee hygenic air conditions as are mandated in contemporary school construction standards. To reach these, we recommend the use of certified organic and harmless materials in the interior.